Agnes Mandl Adachi tells her story about how she was in Switzerland in 1939 to study French and then returned to Budapest in 1940. After the Germans occupied Hungary in 1944, Agnes was given refuge in the Swedish embassy and was also given a protective Schutz-Pass. She began to work for Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat, who worked to save the Hungarian Jews. She describes his efforts to save the Jews of Budapest, and how she helped him including distributing the protective passes (Schutz-Pass). She helped Raoul Wallenberg in his rescue effort to pull Jews from the Danube River.
Agnes Grossinger, survivor and bearer of a Swedish Schutz-Pass, recalls how she was drafted in an all female mandatory Labor Camp in October 1944 and sent to SzigetMonostor but escaped and returned to Budapest. "In my absence, some friends stationed in Labor Camps in Budapest visited my parents home, finding only my desperate mother because my father was also sent to a labor camp in Gonyu. They brought her 3 Swedish Schutz-Passes, as their whole battalion was under a blanket Shutz-Passe, and they had access to some more. We lived in different Swedish Safe houses, until the end of Nov. 1944".
Kayla Kaufman, mother of 2, grandmother of 7 and great grandmother of 3 recounts that she, her parents, her 2 sisters and brother were saved by Raoul Wallenberg. After escape from a Nazi slave labor camp, she found shelter in Budapest in one of the Swedish safe houses set up by Raoul Wallenberg. She says “he saved my life but what is etched even more deeply into my consciousness is the memory of having observed Wallenberg at a railroad depot in Budapest, saving Jews from deportation to the death camps. He was more than heroic; to me he symbolizes humanity at its best”.
I was a six year old Jewish child in Hungary when the great majority of Hungarian Jews were killed. I survived because of Raoul Wallenberg, a man of vision, courage and determination. Two people, one of them Raoul Wallenberg, the other was our Christian ”maid” who, while I was growing up, was my second mother. Both heroically helped us during the Holocaust and seem to have shaped the course of my life. I have studied what leads people to remain passive in the face of others’ needs and what leads them to become helpful, caring and altruistic and to become positive and active or bystanders.